Honey Bees at the Mercy of Yellow Jacket Wasps In Cold Weather Dry Sugar Feeding

okay so what you've just been watchingis of course a time-lapse sequence that shows the honey bees and wasps eatingdry regular sugar but the interesting thing is that what happens while they'retrying to eat sugar first of all it's only 39 or 40 degrees at the beginningof that sequence and

that's what we're watching right here that's also why wehave the conspicuous absence of the honey bee the wasps can't get out andfly early they fly in the cold and even though this sugar here on this feeder isspread out they all pile in in a tight cluster and they

chew away at thegranules of sugar together and that's interesting to me because I expectedwell it would just spread out and maybe gather it I am interested in seeing howthey metabolize dry sugar but they chew it and they chew it together they pushtheir faces together and they grab at

one another's mouths which is veryinteresting also so the honey bees fly out later when it starts to warm upgenerally the honey bees are airborne at 50 degrees if the sun's really out onthe landing boards and they heat up they'll fly out a little sooner butoften they can't handle

it so here we have Yellowjackets and some other paperwasp species and they're all chewing away at granulated sugar now if you keepwatching you're gonna see a behavior that's very interesting because nearbythere are bees that have been on these feeders overnight and they just sittight and wait to warm

up in place now that puts a honey bee in jeopardy whenthey're out clinging to plants or when they're sitting in this case on bricksthat I used to weight down drinkers the wasps can get around andcompletely take advantage of honeybees that are for all practical purposesdefenseless until they warm

up and they get airborne so we keep watching andI'll show you what I'm talking about now I'm sure somebody watching is gonnabe familiar with the different species of wasps what we're looking at here andI'm just guessing that the one at the seven o'clock position there is a queenshe's

much larger than any of the others but if you know the difference pleasechime in and let us know I'd appreciate it now as you watch that first two-minutesequence you saw that this group of Yellowjackets did sweep completelyacross but their numbers increase and you also notice of the time

lapsesequence that the regular honeybees showed up and that really changed thingsand sped up the consumption of the granulated sugar notice also that eventhough there are different species of wasps here they are not fighting oneanother they are just trying to get the same food now here's an example of

ahoney bee that I was explaining about earlier look at the one on the left sidethere that's head down they'll often cling to a print plant or they'll sit onbricks as they are in this case and they're unable to move because it hasn'twarmed up enough remember it's 39 or

40 degrees the Sun is not warming thesurface that they're sitting on so the wasps that are in the vicinity can doanything they want to honeybee and if you look at these bees right here Iinitially thought when I watched this wasp approach oh well he'll just attackthis maybe and

possibly even dispatch it and take the food back so they can feedgrubs but that's not what's going on at all and with these bumble bees hereagain they're getting a slow start they've been here overnight and theycan't fly yet either and we're back to that honeybee lookwhat's going on

if you weren't paying close attention it would look like thiswasp is chewing at the bee but it's not this honey bee was at the drinkers whichare sugar water and it has residual sugar syrup dried on its body and thiswasp came along and late for the sugar of the

bee including the wings the eyesthe antennae and everything else and I know that's a nightmare for this honeybee that's not warmed up and able to defend itself but it just had to sitthere and allow the wasp to work it over and clean off all of that sweet residuehere's

another one getting the same treatment notice to the size of the waspit's every bit as large as this female worker honey bee and it is just lickingaway on every part of the bee and didn't do anything to ensure the bee this was aremarkable behavior because for the distance

you would assume that the waspsare attacking and harming honey bees but they really aren't it's just working itsway around and collecting residue of sugar syrup and this 4-v sits here andjust has to take it because it cannot it's kind of like sleep paralysis that'ssitting there and the wasp

comes up and does whatever it wants so that honey beeis really at the mercy of the wasp and the wasp is capable of flying and movingaround and much colder temperatures than the being so this was a surprise if you watch also watch the wastheantennas it touches and Pat

song the honeybee lots of unexpected behaviorhere they noticed too that the Sun is pickingup a little and that will begin to warn the bees we can start to move around andit definitely would not put up with this waspif it were warned and ready to fly and of course

I'm not gonna just leavethis piece hitting here you'll find that if you bring some 50/50 sugar wateralong and as these dormant bees are waking up in the morning if you feedthem sugar water that carbohydrate will kick them right in the gear and this is the sugar water that

I putit down for them and the honeybees first all weighed out and started ringingright away and I'll just right in the middle of the mix here the yellowjacketis right in with the honeybees and so long as their resources present they arenot attacking one another they're simply sharing sugar

water and notice how frenzied their behaviorbecomes once that resources gone and there is going up with the circles inthis break so we had a little worth of them you can send them acrylics of sugarwater even on the bodies here and on that wall a static space now why

is itthat wasps are able to fly in cold temperatures well the honey bees have towait to warm up and the way honey bees warm up is they vibrate their flightmuscles much like humans do when they shiver and that burns calories andgenerates heat through their thorax so that they

can fly but wasps for somereason why no matter what the weather is doingand even in the rain I hope you found this observation interesting I'm gladthat you watch my video and I hope you'll watch future videos as well thankyou so much